However, in 1872, nationalist sentiment grew strongest, when three Filipino priests , José Burgos , Mariano Gómez and friar Jacinto Zamora , who had been charged with leading a military mutiny at an arsenal in Cavite , near Manila , were executed by the Spanish authorities. The event and “other repressive acts outraitings and activities, Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896. His execution propelled the Ilustrados . This also prompted unity among the Ilustrados and Andrés Bonifacio ’s radical Katipunan .  Philippine policies by the United States reinforced the dominant position of the Ilustrados within Filipino society. Friar estates were sold to the Ilustrados and most government positions were offered to them.